On November 6, 2018, Michigan voters said “yes” to the legalization of recreational marijuana. With over 4.3 million voters reporting to the polls, 56 percent voted in favor of the 18-1 proposal. Now, on December 6, marijuana will be legalized to adults over the age of 21.
What is Adderall?
Adderall is commonly prescribed to patients to treat the symptoms of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcolepsy. Adderall is a mixture of amphetamine salts. It acts as a central nervous system stimulant for chemicals in the brain. While Adderall helps many patients overcome their illnesses, improper use of this drug has been increasing in young people.
Adderall has grown in popularity in recent years with young adults and students who do not have a prescription. Prescriptions for Adderall have not increased, meaning the people are getting this drug from friends and family members who have a prescription. One study found 60 percent of Adderall nonmedical use was among 18-to-25-year-old individuals.
Students across the country are using Adderall to help increase focus and study all night long because of the stimulant effects that come from using amphetamine. Another study showed an estimated 30 percent of students had used Adderall as a study drug. Young people crush, snort, dissolve in water or even inject Adderall into their systems. Injection being among the most dangerous uses because portions of the tablets can block small blood vessels.
What are the side effects?
Side effects of Adderall use include:
- Exaggerated confidence
- Difficulty sleeping and staying asleep
Fatal overdose from Adderall abuse can occur because of heart attack, stroke, and/or liver failure. Mixing Adderall with other substances, such as alcohol, can dramatically increase the risk of fatal overdose. Forensic Fluids Laboratories can test for Adderall by detecting amphetamines.
What is fentanyl?
Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is similar to morphine but far more powerful. It is used in anesthesia, pain management, and breakthrough cancer pain. Fentanyl is 50 times more potent than heroin and 100 times more potent than morphine, making it an extremely dangerous drug when used without medical supervision and proper administration. Because of its intense strength, fentanyl is intended for use only to treat patients with severe or chronic pain. It comes in multiple forms including pills, tablets, lollipops (Actiq), patches and powder.
What are the effects?
Side effects of fentanyl use include:
- Slowed breathing and heart rate
- Nausea and vomiting
In recent years, fentanyl has been related to a rise in overdoses across the country. Heroin laced with fentanyl is often sold as pure heroin, posing an incredible risk of overdose to potential users. In 2015, the DEA issued a nationwide alert on fentanyl as a danger to public safety. That same year, Ohio reported nearly 40% of all overdose deaths were a result of fentanyl use.
Can it be detected in a drug test?
Yes, Forensic Fluids Laboratories currently tests for over 130 different compounds, including fentanyl. It is our priority to provide the most accurate and up-to-date testing available. We are constantly working to identify and test for new dangerous synthetic drugs that people are using. For a comprehensive list of all the compounds we test for download our drug list.