Drug Direction

What is fentanyl?

November 16, 2016 Tagged: fentanyl, Tagged: overdose, Tagged: new drug, Tagged: oral fluid testing Comments (0)

What is fentanyl?

Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is similar to morphine but far more powerful. It is used in anesthesia, pain management, and breakthrough cancer pain. Fentanyl is 50 times more potent than heroin and 100 times more potent than morphine, making it an extremely dangerous drug when used without medical supervision and proper administration. Because of its intense strength, fentanyl is intended for use only to treat patients with severe or chronic pain. It comes in multiple forms including pills, tablets, lollipops (Actiq), patches and powder. 

What are the effects?

Side effects of fentanyl use include:

  • Slowed breathing and heart rate
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Itching
  • Sweating
  • Confusion
  • Anxiety

Overdoses increasing

In recent years, fentanyl has been related to a rise in overdoses across the country. Heroin laced with fentanyl is often sold as pure heroin, posing an incredible risk of overdose to potential users. In 2015, the DEA issued a nationwide alert on fentanyl as a danger to public safety. That same year, Ohio reported nearly 40% of all overdose deaths were a result of fentanyl use. 

Can it be detected in a drug test?

Yes, Forensic Fluids Laboratories currently tests for over 130 different compounds, including fentanyl. It is our priority to provide the most accurate and up-to-date testing available.  We are constantly working to identify and test for new dangerous synthetic drugs that people are using.  For a comprehensive list of all the compounds we test for download our drug list.

Tags: fentanyl, overdose, new drug, oral fluid testing

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NBOMe: Dangerous New Designer Drugs

October 18, 2016 Tagged: research chemicals, Tagged: psychedelic, Tagged: LSD, Tagged: Legal High, Tagged: designer drug Comments (0)

What Are NBOMes?

NBOMe is a phenethylamine, also known as a psychedelic. These compounds are considered designer drugs because they have been created in laboratories. NBOMes were discovered in Germany in 2003, and became available on the recreational drug markets in 2010. They are commonly sold on blotter paper and have often been mistaken for LSD. Unlike LSD, these drugs can be 10-20 times more potent. NBOMes are also appearing as tablets, powder and liquid. Common street names for NBOMe are N-Bomb, Smiles, 25I, 25C, and 25B.

NBOMe Effects

 Euphoria  Nausea
Stimulation Vomiting
Color intensity Paranoia
Psychic awareness Vasoconstriction
Intense feelings Seizures
Intense visuals Death

Hidden Dangers

Since the most common delivery of the NBOMe drugs are on blotter paper, there is little control over the dosage. According to the DEA, these compounds have been linked to the deaths of at least 19 Americans aged 15 to 29 between March of 2012 and August of 2013. The DEA then made three of the compounds illegal under the controlled substance act (CSA), 25I-NBOMe, 25C-NBOMe, and 25B-NBOMe. 

NBOMes continue to cause overdose and death in the US and throughout the world.

Forensic Fluids currently offers oral fluid testing for five of the NBOMe compounds: 

  • 25B-NBOMe
  • 25C-NBOMe
  • 25D-NBOMe
  • 25H-NBOMe
  • 25I-NBOMe (considered the most dangerous)

We are constantly adding to our comprehensive list of detectable drugs in an effort to provide you with the most up to date choices.

Tags: research chemicals, psychedelic, LSD, Legal High, designer drug

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Heroin on the Rise

October 06, 2016 Tagged: 6-MAM, Tagged: 6MAM, Tagged: opiates, Tagged: heroin, Tagged: morphine Comments (0)

Heroin on the Rise

Healthcare professionals prescribe opiates for acute or chronic pain relief post-surgery or after an accident. People who become addicted to opiates cannot keep up with the cost of their addiction over time and turn to lower cost drugs like heroin. As more people seek heroin to feed their addiction, deaths from overdoses are surging. According to the Centers for Disease Control, the mortality rate due to heroin overdose more than quintupled, from 1,842 deaths in 2000 to 10,574 deaths in 2014.

What does a heroin positive look like?

When heroin is used by a person, it is converted into the active metabolite 6-acetylmorphine or 6-monoacetylmorphine (6-MAM). In a short time after using heroin, 6-MAM is metabolized into morphine and excreted from the body. A positive test for 6-MAM can only mean the person has used heroin.

Testing for 6-MAM

6-MAM can be difficult to detect in urine because of higher cutoff levels and how quickly it metabolizes to morphine. In urine, a positive morphine result cannot differentiate between an individual’s prescribed morphine use and heroin use.

Forensic Fluids Laboratories oral fluid drug testing uses a quantitative method, specifically testing each opiate separately with lower cutoff levels. Unlike urine testing, Forensic Fluids Laboratories oral fluid drug testing provides an in-depth look at the levels for each opiate an individual is using, including heroin. Forensic Fluids Laboratories can detect 6-MAM with cutoff levels down to 1 ng/mL.

Forensic Fluids Laboratories oral fluid drug testing offers meaningful insight on what a person is ingesting.  In cases of heroin addiction, individuals can be encouraged to seek lifesaving treatment.

Download Drug Test Menu

Tags: 6-MAM, 6MAM, opiates, heroin, morphine

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