Drug Direction

NBOMe: Dangerous New Designer Drugs

October 18, 2016 Tagged: Legal High, Tagged: designer drug, Tagged: research chemicals, Tagged: LSD, Tagged: psychedelic Comments (0)

What Are NBOMes?

NBOMe is a phenethylamine, also known as a psychedelic. These compounds are considered designer drugs because they have been created in laboratories. NBOMes were discovered in Germany in 2003, and became available on the recreational drug markets in 2010. They are commonly sold on blotter paper and have often been mistaken for LSD. Unlike LSD, these drugs can be 10-20 times more potent. NBOMes are also appearing as tablets, powder and liquid. Common street names for NBOMe are N-Bomb, Smiles, 25I, 25C, and 25B.

NBOMe Effects

 Euphoria  Nausea
Stimulation Vomiting
Color intensity Paranoia
Psychic awareness Vasoconstriction
Intense feelings Seizures
Intense visuals Death

Hidden Dangers

Since the most common delivery of the NBOMe drugs are on blotter paper, there is little control over the dosage. According to the DEA, these compounds have been linked to the deaths of at least 19 Americans aged 15 to 29 between March of 2012 and August of 2013. The DEA then made three of the compounds illegal under the controlled substance act (CSA), 25I-NBOMe, 25C-NBOMe, and 25B-NBOMe. 

NBOMes continue to cause overdose and death in the US and throughout the world.

Forensic Fluids currently offers oral fluid testing for five of the NBOMe compounds: 

  • 25B-NBOMe
  • 25C-NBOMe
  • 25D-NBOMe
  • 25H-NBOMe
  • 25I-NBOMe (considered the most dangerous)

We are constantly adding to our comprehensive list of detectable drugs in an effort to provide you with the most up to date choices.

Tags: Legal High, designer drug, research chemicals, LSD, psychedelic

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Heroin on the Rise

October 06, 2016 Tagged: heroin, Tagged: 6-MAM, Tagged: 6MAM, Tagged: morphine, Tagged: opiates Comments (0)

Heroin on the Rise

Healthcare professionals prescribe opiates for acute or chronic pain relief post-surgery or after an accident. People who become addicted to opiates cannot keep up with the cost of their addiction over time and turn to lower cost drugs like heroin. As more people seek heroin to feed their addiction, deaths from overdoses are surging. According to the Centers for Disease Control, the mortality rate due to heroin overdose more than quintupled, from 1,842 deaths in 2000 to 10,574 deaths in 2014.

What does a heroin positive look like?

When heroin is used by a person, it is converted into the active metabolite 6-acetylmorphine or 6-monoacetylmorphine (6-MAM). In a short time after using heroin, 6-MAM is metabolized into morphine and excreted from the body. A positive test for 6-MAM can only mean the person has used heroin.

Testing for 6-MAM

6-MAM can be difficult to detect in urine because of higher cutoff levels and how quickly it metabolizes to morphine. In urine, a positive morphine result cannot differentiate between an individual’s prescribed morphine use and heroin use.

Forensic Fluids Laboratories oral fluid drug testing uses a quantitative method, specifically testing each opiate separately with lower cutoff levels. Unlike urine testing, Forensic Fluids Laboratories oral fluid drug testing provides an in-depth look at the levels for each opiate an individual is using, including heroin. Forensic Fluids Laboratories can detect 6-MAM with cutoff levels down to 1 ng/mL.

Forensic Fluids Laboratories oral fluid drug testing offers meaningful insight on what a person is ingesting.  In cases of heroin addiction, individuals can be encouraged to seek lifesaving treatment.

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Tags: heroin, 6-MAM, 6MAM, morphine, opiates

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Could second hand marijuana smoke make you fail a drug test?

July 15, 2016 Tagged: fibs, Tagged: second hand smoke, Tagged: marijuana, Tagged: false positives Comments (0)

“I was just in the room where pot was being smoked”

One common myth relating to oral fluid drug testing is that exposure to second hand marijuana smoke can cause a positive test result for THC. Many people believe that the recent rise in cannabis potency makes it more likely for false positives to occur. That is not the case. 

Passive exposure

Second hand smoke, or “passive exposure” to marijuana produces THC levels that are much different than those produced under active exposure. When a smoker exhales, very low levels of THC are released back into the air. This makes it extremely unlikely under normal circumstances for a non-smoker to inhale enough THC for an oral fluid test to turn positive.  

Extreme cases

In extreme cases, positive oral fluid test results from passive exposure are possible, but still unlikely. One study concluded that with an extreme lack of ventilation it is possible to test positive for THC from exposure to second hand smoke immediately after exposure and “only under environmental circumstances where exposure is obvious.”  A second study placed both smokers and non-smokers together in a smaller environment: a vehicle. The results showed that when collected properly with a waiting period before collection, the risk of a false positive THC test was “virtually eliminated”.

Clear results

THC levels caused by passive exposure are about 100 times less than levels caused by active exposure to marijuana.  When administered properly, oral fluid tests leave no possibility for false positives due to passive exposure to THC. 

Tags: fibs, second hand smoke, marijuana, false positives

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