Drug Direction

High on Flakka

July 14, 2016 Tagged: bath salts, Tagged: alpha PVP, Tagged: flakka, Tagged: a-pvp, Tagged: synthetic drugs Comments (0)

What is Flakka?

Flakka, also called "gravel", is a dangerous synthetic cathinone drug called α-PVP or alpha-Pyrrolidinopentiophenone.  It is similar to other synthetic stimulants which have been popularized as "bath salts". Flakka comes in either a crystal or powder form and can be eaten, snorted, injected, smoked, or vaporized. 

Where are people using it?

Flakka use has been spreading rapidly and is prominent in Florida, Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, and Indiana. Other parts of the country have also seen a spike in use.  Forensic Fluids Laboratories has detected Flakka in nearly all of the states that we service.

What are the effects?

Symptoms of Flakka use include:

  • agitation
  • anxiety
  • high body temperature
  • hallucinations
  • excited delirium
  • psychosis

Can it be detected in a drug test?

Forensic Fluids Laboratories is one of the very few laboratories in the country that offers a test for Flakka.  The drug is relatively new to the United States which means that it is a challenge for most companies to add to their available panels.  It is very important for us to be able to provide you with the most accurate and up-to-date testing available which is why we make it a priority to test for all of the newest compounds.

 

Tags: bath salts, alpha PVP, flakka, a-pvp, synthetic drugs

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What is 6-MAM?

July 14, 2016 Tagged: 6-MAM, Tagged: 6MAM, Tagged: opiates, Tagged: heroin Comments (0)

6-Monoacetylmorphine (6-MAM) is a metabolite of heroin.

6-MAM refers to 6-Monoacetylmorphine. When someone uses heroin, the drug is converted into the active metabolite 6-MAM and the less active 3-MAM.  A test that is positive for 6-MAM can only mean that the person has used heroin.

Does no 6-MAM mean no heroin use?

Shortly after heroin use, 6-MAM is either metabolized into morphine or excreted from the body. If a person has not used heroin very recently, they may not be positive for 6-MAM because of its short half-life.

After the 6-MAM is metabolized, the person would only be positive for morphine.

How long can 6-MAM be detected?

6-MAM can usually be found in oral fluid for several hours after heroin use. Morphine, which is also produced from heroin use, can be detected for a longer period.

Chronic heroin use can also increase the window of detection.

Can a positive 6-MAM result be caused by a legally prescribed opiate?

No.  6-MAM is a unique metabolite of only heroin.

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Tags: 6-MAM, 6MAM, opiates, heroin

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High on Kratom

July 14, 2016 Tagged: Kratom, Tagged: Legal High Comments (0)

What is Kratom?

Kratom (mitragyna speciosa) is similar to opiates like morphine. The crushed leaves are usually sold in a powdered form that looks similar to finely ground green tea. The Kratom is usually mixed with a liquid and consumed as tea.  It is used recreationally to experience an opiate-like high, and to manage pain.  The effects on humans are not well studied, but chronic use of the plant carries with it the potential for addiction which can lead to withdrawal symptoms.


Where are people using it?

While it is "legal" in most states, the DEA has listed it as a "drug of concern". Kratom is illegal in four different states.  There has been legislation introduced to make it illegal in elsewhere in the country.

What are the effects?

Symptoms of Kratom use include:

  • psychosis
  • convulsions
  • sweating
  • nausea
  • vomiting
  • dizziness 
  • bowel obstruction

Can it be detected in a drug test?

Forensic Fluids Laboratories is one of the few laboratories in the country that offers a test for Kratom.  The drug is relatively new to the United States while is has been illegal in Thailand since 1979.  

It is very important for us to be able to provide you with the most accurate and up-to-date testing available which is why we make it a priority to test for the drugs that people are using.

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Tags: Kratom, Legal High

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