What is fentanyl?
Fentanyl is a synthetic opioid that is similar to morphine but far more powerful. It is used in anesthesia, pain management, and breakthrough cancer pain. Fentanyl is 50 times more potent than heroin and 100 times more potent than morphine, making it an extremely dangerous drug when used without medical supervision and proper administration. Because of its intense strength, fentanyl is intended for use only to treat patients with severe or chronic pain. It comes in multiple forms including pills, tablets, lollipops (Actiq), patches and powder.
What are the effects?
Side effects of fentanyl use include:
- Slowed breathing and heart rate
- Nausea and vomiting
In recent years, fentanyl has been related to a rise in overdoses across the country. Heroin laced with fentanyl is often sold as pure heroin, posing an incredible risk of overdose to potential users. In 2015, the DEA issued a nationwide alert on fentanyl as a danger to public safety. That same year, Ohio reported nearly 40% of all overdose deaths were a result of fentanyl use.
Can it be detected in a drug test?
Yes, Forensic Fluids Laboratories currently tests for over 130 different compounds, including fentanyl. It is our priority to provide the most accurate and up-to-date testing available. We are constantly working to identify and test for new dangerous synthetic drugs that people are using. For a comprehensive list of all the compounds we test for download our drug list.